Breast Cancer: Risk Factors and Treatment

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Women have different risk levels of developing breast cancer during their lifetime, as explained by medical experts. In 2007, approximately 202,964 women in the United States were diagnosed with breast cancer and up to 40,598 women have died from it, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It affects one in eight women. It comprises 22.9 percent of all cancers in women worldwide. Breast cancer results from either a benign or malignant growth that begins in the tissues of the breast. A cancerous tumor is a group of cancer cells that can grow into nearby tissues or spread to remote areas of the body.

Other common cancer-related deaths are caused by lung, stomach, liver, colon, and breast cancer, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Other cancer types that have the prevalent occurrence in the United States are bladder cancer, endomentrial cancer, kidney or renal cancer, leukemia, melanoma, non-hodgkin lymphoma, pancreatic cancer, and thyroid cancer. Pancreatic cancer is the most rarely experienced type.

Furthermore, there are various types of breast cancer risk factors, as explained by medical studies. Some of these, such as a person's age or gender, are unchangeable. In fact, a number of women who develop breast cancer have no risk factors other than age and gender, medical resources say. Gender is the major risk because breast cancer occurs frequently in women. Age is also a significant risk factor. Breast cancer may be developed at any age, although the risk of breast cancer increases with age, as explained by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). Aside from these, family history has also long been known to be a risk factor for breast cancer. Both maternal and paternal relatives play a role in genetics. Other risk factors are the use of oral contraceptives, lifestyle, nutritional intake, alcohol use, smoking, and environmental causes like exposure to radiation.

There have been significant developments in the treatments for breast cancer. Survival rates are improving, as reported by the International Agency for Cancer Research. Early detection and medical help are important in improving the chances of survival beyond a diagnosis of breast cancer. Doctors and patients should be aware of the safety and effectiveness of medication and medical products used for treatments. Several women have treatment in addition to surgery, which may include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or hormonal therapy. The decision about which additional treatments are needed is based upon the stage and type of cancer, the presence of hormonal, patient health, and preferences. A development in the surgical technology is the robotics surgical system. It was primarily designed and developed to make surgery less invasive. Experts explain that "less invasive surgery" means lesser blood loss and quicker healing time. It is a complex robotic platform designed to allow surgeons to make lesser, smaller, and more accurate incisions in doing surgery on patients.
About author: Kathleen Hennis
The author of this article is a medical journalist whose topics mainly involve the development of medical treatments like robotic surgery. His articles also advise affected patients on how to get help on the issues of robotic surgical injuries like the class action lawsuits against da Vinci.

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